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- - Direct Anterior Hip Replacement
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- - Regenerative Orthopedics
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Are you at high risk for a fracture?
who are over 50 years old
FRACTURE A BONE BECAUSE OF OSTEOPOROSIS
According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation
The factors that INCREASE your risk
- Overweight or obese
- Low body weight
- Previous fracture
- Parent history of fracture
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- 3+ alcoholic drinks a day
- Older age
- Glucocorticoids such as steroids
- Low sex hormones
The factors that DECREASE your risk
- Calcium & Vitamin D
- Osteoporosis medications
- Lifting weights
- Absense of smoking
- Less than 3 alcoholic drinks a day
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is when bones start to thin, eventually leading to painful fractures. Risk factors for developing osteoporosis include being a woman, having a low body weight, having low sex hormones or menopause, smoking, and taking certain medications. Prevention and treatment include exercising and taking calcium, vitamin D and osteoporosis medications (WHO osteoporosis definition). There are usually no symptoms of osteoporosis in the early stages, but once the bones have weakened you may notice long term effects such as back pain, fractures, and stooped posture. Osteoporosis causes include increased age (faster bone loss rate) and low estrogen and calcium levels.
What is osteopenia?
Having Osteopenia means your bone mineral density is lower than normal and you are at higher risk to develop osteoporosis. However, not everyone diagnosed with osteopenia develops osteoporosis (WHO osteopenia definition).
What are the long-term effects of osteoporosis?
Fragility Fractures: When you break a bone that has been affected by osteoporosis, it’s called a fragility fracture — and it’s the most common side effect of osteoporosis. One in two women and one in four men over 50 years old fracture a bone every year, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. The most common fractures occur in the wrist, spine and hip.
Spinal Curvature: Aside from fractures, the vertebrae, or spinal bones, can weaken and crush together. When this happens, the spine curves, leading to back pain, height loss and difficulty balancing. It can also affect your ability to breathe since it leads to less space under the ribs.
Loss of Mobility: Fractures can dramatically impact your quality of life, since the fractured bones with osteoporosis take longer to heal compared to healthy bones. Recovery requires time, medication, and physical therapy to help speed up the strengthening process.
What should I do if I'm at risk?
Females over 40 and males over 50 should schedule a DXA, or Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry bone density test, with Iowa Ortho. Many people know the test as DEXA, a previous term that refers to the same test, which can sometimes be confusing. After receiving your DXA bone density scan results, we can use them in tandem with the FRAX (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool) to determine your level of fracture risk. It can also help us determine the level of osteoporosis treatment you need. To schedule an appointment, call 515-247-8400 or click here to request an appointment online.